Open Access can make research publications available online to read for free, so that anyone can use it without fee. Users are also allowed to create and distribute derivative works based on the original work, as long as proper attribution is given to the authors. Open Access is a significant part of making information and resources more freely available to everyone, in order to encourage creativity and innovation.
The Bethesda Statement (2003) defines open access, where "The author(s) and copyright holder(s) grant(s) to all users a free, irrevocable, worldwide, perpetual right of access to, and a license to copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship as well as the right to make small numbers of printed copies for their personal use".
The following graphic highlights the numerous benefits of making your work Open Access. [CC-BY Danny Kingsley & Sarah Brown]
Publications can be made open access in different ways:
Gold Open Access
Green Open Access
Hybrid Open Access
Bronze Open Access